In this day and age, sources of learning and research materials such as books, magazines, newspapers, yearbooks, etc. are plentiful. In addition to the strong development of information technology, we are exposed to the vast source of knowledge of the world. Besides, we often have to memorize, synthesize or analyze a problem using many methods such as drawing tables, bullet points, drawing diagrams, etc., but it has never been systematic. and carefully researched, but only dispersed among students before the exam seasons.
Therefore, in educational work, in addition to imparting knowledge to students, we need to guide students to a positive and autonomous learning method to acquire knowledge, and teachers also need research methods to always update the world’s knowledge promptly. With such a “sea of information,” a good approach is needed to help systemize that knowledge. Building an “image” that shows the connection between knowledge will bring interesting benefits in terms of memory, cognitive development, thinking, imagination and bright ability. … One of the most powerful tools for creating “linked images” is MindMap. This article, introduces the mind mapping method proposed by Tony Buzan, dubbed the “universal tool for the brain” as an innovative note-taking method, currently encouraged by the education industry. into implementation in teaching and learning.
Mind Map (MindMap)
Mindmap is a method offered as a powerful means to take advantage of the brain’s ability to recognize images. This is a way to remember details, to synthesize, or to analyze a problem into a form of branching scheme. This method, developed in the late 1960s (20th century) by Tony Buzan, helps to record lectures using only key words and images. This way of taking notes is quicker, easier to remember and easier to revise.
This method exploits the ability to remember and relate information together using colors, a basic structure that has been expanded from the center, they use lines, symbols, words. terms and images according to a set of simple, basic, natural and easily understood rules. With a Mind Map, a long list of monotonous information can turn into a colorful, vivid, memorable, organized map. It combines rhythmically with the natural working mechanism of our brain. It is easier and more reliable to recall and recall information later than using traditional recording techniques.
Advantages: Compared with traditional writing methods, the method of thinking map has the following advantages:
– The main idea will be in the center and clearly defined.
– The mutual relationship between each idea is pointed out in detail. The more important the idea, the closer it will be to the main idea.
– The connection between key concepts will be immediately received visually.
– Reviewing and memorizing will be more effective and faster.
– Adding information (ideas) more easily by drawing additional inserts on the map.
– Each map will distinguish each other to make it easier to remember.
– New ideas can be put in the right position in the picture easily, regardless of the order of presentation, facilitating quick and flexible changes to the memorization.
– Can take advantage of software support on the computer
Mind mapping application in teaching
Mind Maps are the ideal tool for teaching and presenting concepts in the classroom. Mind maps help teachers focus on what needs to be exchanged for students, providing an overview of the topic without redundant information. Students will not have to focus on reading the content on the Slide, but will listen to what the teacher says. Teaching effectiveness will be increased.
There is an interesting thing, in the process of teaching teachers, they can immediately add to the lecture map their good ideas, breakthroughs that teachers suddenly think of or from the contribution of students. The teacher does this by adding keywords to the corresponding branch or creating a new branch.
2. Prepare materials and exercises to distribute in the classroom
Mind mapping is an ideal teaching tool, helping you distribute handouts in the classroom, because the thinking map will contain brief information, colors, images and an attractive visual layout. Lead will fascinate the students immediately. Mindmap provides a brief overview of a topic, making even the most complex problems easy to understand and interesting.
3. Encourage independent discussion and thinking
According to a recent Cambridge Primary School study, evaluating that classroom interaction and listening to students are important factors to help students think independently. MindMap is the ideal tool to support classroom discussions, because the nature of mind maps encourages students to focus on the link between the topics as well as to spread their ideas and opinions.
4. Student assessment
MindMap is an important tool that helps us assess students’ knowledge before and after a lecture on a specific topic. Thereby, the instructor can monitor students’ understanding. A mind map that encourages students to express their ideas based on their understanding and self-assessment after the lesson.
Mind mapping application in learning
Mind maps are also a useful tool to help students achieve better academic results and improve their memory. More importantly, students’ writing work will significantly break through and save their time.
1. Take notes and take notes
First, MindMap is an extremely effective information-recording tool. We have experienced the feeling of being overwhelmed by the increasing number of lessons to take and it is difficult to remember them. Mind map proposes how to record information using KEYWORDS, then links knowledge and ideas visually. All information shown on one page will give you a COMPLETE PICTURE of the subject’s knowledge. After the class, students can look through the review.
2. Make a big homework plan
Use MindMap to plan your essay, develop ideas quickly and virtually in no time. Spreading the structure of MindMap allows ideas to flow, students just need to write down and organize by main ideas. The special thing is that with Mind Maps, our brain will focus completely on the topic of writing without being distracted.
3. Study the test
Examinations are the obsession of students. Before the test day, it is often necessary to “consume” a large amount of knowledge and exercises. There are students who go to school to borrow borrowed notebooks of students who go to school fully to make photo Holding a copy is a “boring” experience because I have to start reading from the beginning.
The solution is that the instructor instructs students to create MindMap for each subject at the beginning of the year, adding key and important ideas. Set aside about 5 minutes a day to review and update the knowledge learned each day. Information from the branches in the Mind Map will link together. In the end, the knowledge will be actively memorized. Examinations are now easy.
4. Stimulating creativity and problem solving
When encountering difficult problems, we will instinctively become panicked and anxious. Your heart will beat faster and feel tense. Instead of “forcing” your brain to find a solution right away, use MindMap to draw many possibilities and options for the problem. Students can through MindMap find the fastest, easiest and best solution for themselves.
Tony Buzan, the father of Mind Map, recommends that you write down all ideas at random,